Learning Process of Online Class by Using Language Politeness Principles

  • Sholihatul Hamidah Daulay Universitas Islam Negeri Sumatera Utara, Indonesia
  • Diah Widya Ningrum Universitas Islam Negeri Sumatera Utara, Indonesia
  • Puspita Sari Nasution Universitas Islam Negeri Sumatera Utara, Indonesia

Abstract

This article results from research on language politeness in the learning process in the "Language Curriculum Evaluation and Design" class. Leech's politeness principle theory consists of six maxims: tact maxim, generosity maxim, appreciation maxim, modesty maxim, agreement maxim, and sympathy maxim. This study aimed to find out the language politeness used in that class. Then, this study focused on the Lecturer's utterances to the students. The type of this study was descriptive qualitative. The instrument of this study was the researchers themselves and the audio recorder. The technique of collecting the data was tapping techniques to tap the conversation of the Lecturer with the students, field notes and observation. This research showed that Leech's politeness principles were used in that class. The maxim of politeness included tact maxim 22,7%, generosity maxim 13,6%, appreciation maxim 18,2%, modesty maxim 9,1%, agreement maxim 18,2%, and sympathy maxim 18,2%. Most of the maxims used in that class are tact maxims. After analyzing these six maxims, it is essential to have them when we are a lecturer teaching in the class. A teacher with the six maxims can control the class to run well.

References

Achmad, S. 2012. Strategi Kesopanan Berbahasa Masyarakat Bugis Pinrang Provinsi Sulawesi Selatan. Bahasa dan Seni, 40(1), 1-13. ISSN: 0854-8277/e-ISSN 2550-0635.
Adawiyah, R,. Daulay, S. H. (2021) The Differences of Bilingual and Monolingual Communication Competences in Adolescents. Lexeme: Journal of Linguistics and Applied Linguistics. Vol. 3 No. 2,2021. https://doi.org/10.32493/ljlal.v3i2.18722.
Adriana, I. (2014). Analisis Bahasa SMS Mahasiswa STAIN Pamekasan terhadap Dosen menurut Prinsip Kesantunan Leech. NUANSA: Jurnal Penelitian Ilmu Sosial dan Keagamaan Islam, 11(1), 53-76.
Alviah, I. (2014). Kesantunan berbahasa dalam tuturan novel Para Priyayi karya Umar Kayam. Seloka: Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia, 3(2).
Austin, J. L. 1962. How To Do Things With Word (2nd Ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN: 9780674411524.
Brown, P. – Levinson, S. (2015). Politeness and language. In The International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioural Sciences (IESBS), (2nd ed.) (pp. 326-330). Elsevier.
Brown, P. – Levinson, S. (1987). Politeness: Some Universals in Language Usage. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN: 0521313554, 9780521313551.
Cahya Ningrum, F., Andayani, A., & Setiawan, B. (2018). Kesantunan Berbahasa Siswa dalam Berdiskusi. Madah, 9(1), 45-54.
Darwis, M. (2018). Politeness Language Analysis in Teenagers Reviewed from Sociolinguistics. Budapest International Research and Critics in Linguistics and Education (BirLE) Journal, 1(1), 15-22.
Eshghi Nejad, S – Moini, M. R. 2016. Politeness Strategies Used in Text Messaging: Pragmatic Competence in an Asymmetrical Power Relation of Teacher-Student. SAGE Open, 6(1). doi: 10.1177/2158244016632288. ISSN: 2158-2440/Online ISSN: 2158-2440.
Fatmawati, Boeriswati, E., &Zuriyati. (2020). The Realization of Students’ Polite Rejection Speeches. Journal GEEJ: Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris, 7(1), 134-147.
Febriasari, D., &Wijayanti, W. (2018). Kesantunan Berbahasa dalam Proses Pembelajaran di Sekolah Dasar. JurnalKredo, 2(1).
Jufri, M – Haryanto – Weda, S. 2015. Enhancing Vocabulary Mastery of the Second Year Students of SMA Muhammadiyah 1 Unismuh Makassar through Word Wall Strategy. Thesis Article. State University of Makassar. Makassar.
Kawai, M. 2013. The Application of Politeness Theory into English Education in Japan. (Published Thesis), Linköping University, Linköping.
Kiyama, S. – Tamoka, K – Takiura, M. 2012. Applicability of Brown and Levinson's Politeness Theory to a Non-Western Culture: Evidence FromJapanese Facework Behaviors. SAGE Open, 2(4). doi: 10.1177/2158244012470116. ISSN: 2158-2440/ Online ISSN: 2158-2440.
Leech, Geoffrey. (2014). Principles of Pragmatics. London and NewYork: Longman.
Mislikhah, S. (2020). Kesantunan Berbahasa. Ar-Raniry, International Journal of Islamic Studies, 1(2), 285-296.
Moleong, L. J. (2007). Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif. Bandung: Remaja Rosda Karya.
Musdiani, M. (2018). The Influence of Problem-Based Learning Model on Learning IPS. Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, 6(2), 267-276. https://doi.org/10.26811/peuradeun.v6i2.220
Ningsih, Boeriswati, E, &Muliastuti, L. (2020). Language Politeness of Students and Teachers: An Etnographic Study. Journal GEEJ: Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris, 7(1), 134-147.
Pamela, C., Villalobosl, L., & Peralta, N. (2017). Difference Cultural Structure and Behavior Students in Learning Process. Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, 5(1), 15-24. https://doi.org/10.26811/peuradeun.v5i1.115
Pasaribu, G., Daulay, S. H., Nasution, P. (2022). Pragmatics Principles of English Teachers in Islamic Elementary School. Journal of Pragmatics Research. 4(1). 29-40. doi. 10.18326/jopr.v4i1.29-40.
Wahidah, Y. L., & Wijaya, H. (2017). Analisis Kesantunan Berbahasa Menurut Leech pada Tuturan Berbahasa Arab Guru Pondok Pesantren Ibnul Qoyyim Putra Yogyakarta (Kajian Pragmatik). Jurnal Al Bayan, 9(1).
Published
2022-05-30
How to Cite
DAULAY, Sholihatul Hamidah; NINGRUM, Diah Widya; NASUTION, Puspita Sari. Learning Process of Online Class by Using Language Politeness Principles. Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, [S.l.], v. 10, n. 2, p. 403-420, may 2022. ISSN 2443-2067. Available at: <http://journal.scadindependent.org/index.php/jipeuradeun/article/view/699>. Date accessed: 26 sep. 2022. doi: https://doi.org/10.26811/peuradeun.v10i2.699.