Determinant Aspects of Students to Become Entrepreneurs During the Second Wave of Covid-19

  • Iwan Sidharta Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Ekonomi Pasundan, Bandung, Indonesia
  • Farid Riadi Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Ekonomi Pasundan, Bandung, Indonesia
  • Robbi Saepul Rahman Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Ekonomi Pasundan, Bandung, Indonesia
  • Gita Indah Ramadhani Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Ekonomi Pasundan, Bandung, Indonesia
  • Annaba Raffal Hidayahtullah Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Ekonomi Pasundan, Bandung, Indonesia

Abstract

Studying successful entrepreneurs is an exciting focus for policymakers, professionals, and academics. It presents different research results so that researchers fill the gap by using student respondents to examine the essential aspects that can drive the desire to become entrepreneurs. The researcher used a cross-sectional approach with student respondents who had attended entrepreneurship courses to discover this aspect. The number of respondents who filled out a structured questionnaire using the Google form was 129 students—the data analysis technique used the Partial Least Square structural equation model. The study results showed that 9 (nine) essential aspects could increase students' desire to become entrepreneurs. This research only used student respondents to examine essential aspects that could encourage the desire to become entrepreneurs. The cross-sectional approach was also tested simultaneously during the second wave of Covid-19. The research results have implications for developing essential aspects for students to become entrepreneurs.

References

Abdul Rahman, U. F., & Asmad, A. (2023). Kesihatan Mental dan Motivasi Pelajar UNISSA Terhadap Pembelajaran dalam Talian Semasa Pandemik Covid-19: Mental Health and UNISSA’s Students Motivation in Online Learning during Pandemic Covid-19 . Journal of Al-Tamaddun, 18(1), 103–114. https://doi.org/10.22452/JAT.vol18no1.9
Ahmed, I., Islam, T., & Usman, A. (2021). Predicting Entrepreneurial Intentions Through Self-Efficacy, Family Support, and Regret. Journal of Entrepreneurship in Emerging Economies, 13(1), 26–38. https://doi.org/10.1108/JEEE-07-2019-0093.
Aloulou, W. J. (2016). Predicting Entrepreneurial Intentions of Final Year Saudi University Business Students by Applying the Theory of Planned Behavior. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 23(4), 1142–1164. https://doi.org/10.1108/JSBED-02-2016-0028.
Ben Moussa, N., & Kerkeni, S. (2021). The Role of Family Environment in Developing the Entrepreneurial Intention of Young Tunisian Students. Entrepreneurial Business and Economics Review, 9(1), 31–46. https://doi.org/10.15678/EBER.2021.090102.
Edoho, F. M. (2016). Entrepreneurship Paradigm in the New Millennium. Journal of Entrepreneurship in Emerging Economies, 8(2), 279–294. https://doi.org/10.1108/JEEE-08-2015-0043.
Eklund, J., Levratto, N., & Ramello, G. B. (2020). Entrepreneurship and Failure: Two Sides of the Same Coin? Small Business Economics, 54(2), 373–382. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11187-018-0039-z.
Etzkowitz, H., & Zhou, C. (2018). The Triple Helix: University–industry–Government Innovation and Entrepreneurship (2nd ed.). Routledge.
Feola, R., Vesci, M., Botti, A., & Parente, R. (2019). The Determinants of Entrepreneurial Intention of Young Researchers: Combining the Theory of Planned Behavior with the Triple Helix Model. Journal of Small Business Management, 57(4), 1424–1443. https://doi.org/10.1111/jsbm.12361.
Garaika, G., Margahana, H. M., & Negara, S. T. (2019). Self-Efficacy, Self-Personality, and Self-Confidence on Entrepreneurial Intention: A Study on Young Enterprises. Journal of Entrepreneurship Education, 22(1), 1–12.
Gill, S. A., Bencheva, N., Karayel, S., & Usman, M. (2021). Does Entrepreneurial Self-Efficacy Moderate the Effects of Cognitive Flexibility and Entrepreneurial Alertness on Entrepreneurial Intentions? Entrepreneurial Business and Economics Review, 9(3), 25–41.
Gontareva, I., Chorna, M., Pawliszczy, D., Barna, M., Dorokhov, O., & Osinska, O. (2018). Features of Entrepreneurship Development in the Digital Economy. TEM Journal, 7(4), 813–822.
Gubik, A. S. (2021). Entrepreneurial Career: Factors Influencing the Decision of Hungarian Students. Entrepreneurial Business and Economics Review, 9(3), 43–58. https://doi.org/10.15678/EBER.2021.090303.
Hadian, D., Machmud, S., Juhana, D., & Sidharta, I. (2015). Measuring Theory Planned Behavior of Students to Become Entrepreneurs (Case Study at School of Economic Pasundan Bandung, Indonesia). International Journal of Human Resource Studies, 5(3), 131. https://doi.org/10.5296/ijhrs.v5i3.8205.
Hechavarría, D. M. (2016). The Impact of Culture on National Prevalence Rates of Social and Commercial Entrepreneurship. International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 12(4), 1025–1052. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11365-015-0376-1.
Hoang, G., Le, T. T. T., Tran, A. K. T., & Du, T. (2020). Entrepreneurship Education and Entrepreneurial Intentions of University Students in Vietnam: The Mediating Roles of Self-Efficacy and Learning Orientation. Education + Training, 63(1), 115–133. https://doi.org/10.1108/ET-05-2020-0142.
Kock, N. (2015). One-Tailed or Two-Tailed P Values in PLS-SEM? International Journal of E-Collaboration, 11(2), 1–7. https://doi.org/10.4018/ijec.2015040101.
Korber, S., & McNaughton, R. B. (2018). Resilience and Entrepreneurship: a Systematic Literature Review. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior & Research, 24(7), 1129–1154. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJEBR-10-2016-0356.
Laguía, A., Moriano, J. A., & Gorgievski, M. J. (2019). A Psychosocial Study of Self-Perceived Creativity and Entrepreneurial Intentions in a Sample of University Students. Thinking Skills and Creativity, 31, 44–57. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tsc.2018.11.004.
Liao, Y. C., & Zhao, H. (2020). The Moderating Effect of Entrepreneurship Orientation on New Product Innovation Performance. International Journal of Business, 25(2), 195–213.
Machmud, S., & Sidharta, I. (2022). Kewirausahaan dan Kemampuan Berinovasi. Diandra Kreatif.
Margaça, C., Hernández-Sánchez, B., Sánchez-García, J. C., & Cardella, G. M. (2021). The Roles of Psychological Capital and Gender in University Students’ Entrepreneurial Intentions. Frontiers in Psychology, 11. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.615910.
Maritz, A., & Donovan, J. (2015). Entrepreneurship and Innovation. Education + Training, 57(1), 74–87. https://doi.org/10.1108/ET-02-2013-0018.
Meoli, A., Fini, R., Sobrero, M., & Wiklund, J. (2020). How Entrepreneurial Intentions Influence Career Choices: The Moderating Influence of Social Context. Journal of Business Venturing, 35(3), 105982. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusvent.2019.105982.
Molina, J. A. (2020). Family and Entrepreneurship: New Empirical and Theoretical Results. Journal of Family and Economic Issues, 41(1), 1–3. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10834-020-09667-y.
Muhsin, I. (2022). The Dynamic of Worship and Responses of Nahdlatul Ulama Members in Bantul, Yogyakarta, Toward the Indonesian Council of Ulama's Fatwa on the Worship During the Covid-19 Pandemic. AL-IHKAM: Jurnal Hukum & Pranata Sosial, 17(1), 136-164. https://doi.org/10.19105/al-lhkam.v17i1.5638
Nekhvyadovich, L. I., Kostin, K. B., & Mironov, V. V. (2020). Government and Public Monitoring of Entrepreneurship in a Multicultural Region: New Perspectives in the Conditions of the Digital Economy (pp. 147–154). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-38497-5_17.
Neneh, B. N. (2022). Entrepreneurial Passion and Entrepreneurial Intention: The Role of Social Support and Entrepreneurial Self-Efficacy. Studies in Higher Education, 47(3), 587–603. https://doi.org/10.1080/03075079.2020.1770716.
Ng, L., & Jenkins, A. S. (2018). Motivated but not Starting: How Fear of Failure Impacts Entrepreneurial Intentions. Small Enterprise Research, 25(2), 152–167. https://doi.org/10.1080/13215906.2018.1480412.
Ojiaku, O. C., Nkamnebe, A. D., & Nwaizugbo, I. C. (2018). Determinants of Entrepreneurial Intentions Among Young Graduates: Perspectives of Push-Pull-Mooring Model. Journal of Global Entrepreneurship Research, 8(1), 24. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40497-018-0109-3.
Pauceanu, A., Alpenidze, O., Edu, T., & Zaharia, R. (2018). What Determinants Influence Students to Start Their Own Business? Empirical Evidence from United Arab Emirates Universities. Sustainability, 11(1), 92. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11010092.
Ravenelle, A. J. (2019). "We’re not Uber": Control, Autonomy, and Entrepreneurship in the Gig Economy. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 34(4), 269–285. https://doi.org/10.1108/JMP-06-2018-0256.
Rezaei-Moghaddam, K., & Izadi, H. (2019). Entrepreneurship in Small Agricultural Quick-Impact Enterprises in Iran: Development of an Index, Effective Factors, and Obstacles. Journal of Global Entrepreneurship Research, 9(1), 17. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40497-018-0133-3.
Sahabuddin, R. (2018). Effect of Entrepreneurship Commitment to Self-Efficacy Through Intention of Entrepreneurship and Competence. International Journal of Business and Management Science, 8(1), 67–81.
Schmutzler, J., Andonova, V., & Diaz-Serrano, L. (2019). How Context Shapes Entrepreneurial Self-Efficacy as a Driver of Entrepreneurial Intentions: A Multilevel Approach. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 43(5), 880–920. https://doi.org/10.1177/1042258717753142.
Shi, Y., Yuan, T., Bell, R., & Wang, J. (2020). Investigating the Relationship Between Creativity and Entrepreneurial Intention: The Moderating Role of Creativity in the Theory of Planned Behavior. Frontiers in Psychology, 11. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.01209.
Shir, N., Nikolaev, B. N., & Wincent, J. (2019). Entrepreneurship and Well-Being: The Role of Psychological Autonomy, Competence, and Relatedness. Journal of Business Venturing, 34(5), 105875. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusvent.2018.05.002.
Sidharta, I., Sidik Priadana, M., & Affandi, A. (2019). Innovative Behavior: The Study of the Intellectual Capital Effect on the Creative Fashion Industry in Bandung, Indonesia. Problems and Perspectives in Management, 17(4), 404–415. https://doi.org/10.21511/ppm.17(4).2019.33.
Singh, K. D., & Onahring, B. D. (2019). Entrepreneurial Intention, Job Satisfaction, and Organization Commitment - a Construct of a Research Model Through Literature Review. Journal of Global Entrepreneurship Research, 9(1), 16. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40497-018-0134-2.
Suryadin, A., Nurfitriani, N., & Sari, W. (2022). Lazismu and Muhammadiyah Philanthropy in the Covid-19 Pandemic (CIPP Evaluation Model). Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, 10(2), 385-402. https://doi.org/10.26811/peuradeun.v10i2.674
Tran, A. T. P., & Von Korflesch, H. (2016). A Conceptual Model of Social Entrepreneurial Intention Based on the Social Cognitive Career Theory. Asia Pacific Journal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship, 10(1), 17–38. https://doi.org/10.1108/APJIE-12-2016-007.
Van Trang, T., Do, Q. H., & Loan, N. T. B. (2020). Relationships Between Students Work Values and Entrepreneurial Intention Among Vietnamese Students. Academy of Entrepreneurship Journal, 26(1), 1–13.
Vnoučková, L. (2018). Criteria of Innovativeness and Creativity in Startups and Innovative Entrepreneurship. Quality Innovation Prosperity, 22(1), 27. https://doi.org/10.12776/qip.v1i1.1040.
Xavier-Oliveira, E., Laplume, A. O., & Pathak, S. (2015). What Motivates Entrepreneurial Entry Under Economic Inequality? The Role of Human and Financial Capital. Human Relations, 68(7), 1183–1207. https://doi.org/10.1177/0018726715578200.
Zhang, S.-N., Li, Y.-Q., Liu, C.-H., & Ruan, W.-Q. (2020). Critical Factors Identification and Prediction of Tourism and Hospitality Students’ Entrepreneurial Intention. Journal of Hospitality, Leisure, Sport & Tourism Education, 26, 100234. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhlste.2019.100234.
Published
2023-09-30
How to Cite
SIDHARTA, Iwan et al. Determinant Aspects of Students to Become Entrepreneurs During the Second Wave of Covid-19. Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, [S.l.], v. 11, n. 3, p. 887-904, sep. 2023. ISSN 2443-2067. Available at: <http://journal.scadindependent.org/index.php/jipeuradeun/article/view/900>. Date accessed: 24 june 2024. doi: https://doi.org/10.26811/peuradeun.v11i3.900.