A Study of Embracing Adolescent Islamic Moral Values at Two Schools in Rural Area

  • Nuriman Nuriman Faculty of Educational Islamic Training at State Islamic Institute of Lhokseumawe, Indonesia
  • Essra Mahmoud Education and Academic Director, Professor at Acacia University, United States of America
  • Aswati Bt. Hamzah Department of Educational Psychology at University Science of Malaysia, Malaysia
  • Yusnaini Yusnaini Faculty of Educational Islamic Training at State Islamic Institute of Lhokseumawe, Indonesia


Adolescent behaviour that embraces a lifestyle incongruous with Islamic moral values in the micro-social environment may impede the nation's development in the future. This phenomenon has emerged as a crucial and pressing issue in adopting Islamic moral values among adolescents. This research endeavored to gauge the impact and correlation of adhering to Islamic moral vertical and horizontal values on adolescent behaviour. The study also indicated variations in adopting vertical and horizontal moral principles among male and female adolescents. The research centred on senior high school students residing in rural regions of the North District in Aceh province. Three hypotheses were formulated and analyzed through IMB-SPSS.22.0. Data from 136 students aged between 16-19 years were processed using instruments sourced from the Muslim Personality-Religiosity Inventory (MPRI), which comprised twenty indicators, and t-tests and r2 were conducted. The research indicated a significant correlation and Influence between Islamic moral vertical and horizontal values and adolescent behavior. Furthermore, the study discovered that male and female students embrace vertical and horizontal moral values differently at a significant level. This finding confirmed that adopting Islamic moral values shapes students' conduct. Therefore, all adolescents must embrace Islamic moral values as they engage in their communities.


Adedeji, L. (2020). Enhancing Societal Values Through Islamic Ethics: The Nigerian Experience. Oguaa Journal of Religion and Human Values, 6(1), 1-20. https://doi.org/10.47963/ojorhv.v6i1.330.
Amanah, S., & Haryanto, H. (2018). An Evaluation of Islamic Moral Teaching for Students of Madrasah Aliyah Negeri (MAN). Research and Evaluation in Education, 4(1), 1-11. https://doi.org/10.21831/reid.v4i1.18877.
Amiruddin, A., Qorib, M., & Zailani, Z. (2021). A Study of the Role of Islamic Spirituality in Happiness of Muslim Citizens. HTS Teologiese Studies/ Theological Studies, 77(4), 1-5. https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.v77i4.6655.
Anis, M.Y., Nababan, M., Santosa, R., & Masrukhi, M. (2022). The Ideology Behind the Translation of an Islamic Moral Ethic Book: A Case Study of Al-Ḥikam’s Aphorisms. Cogent Arts and Humanities, 9(1), 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1080/23311983.2022.2129484.
Arjoni, Basir, G., & Rakhmat, C. (2020). Strengthening Islamic Moral (Akhlak) of Orphanage Adolescents Through Group Guidance Activities with Religious Spiritual Cinematherapy Techniques. In 1st Progress in Social Science, Humanities and Education Research Symposium (PSSHERS 2019) (pp. 731-736). Atlantis Press. https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.200824.163.
Arnold, M.L. (2000). Stage, Sequence, and Sequels: Changing Conceptions of Morality, Post-Kohlberg. Educational Psychology Review, 12(4), 365-383. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1009026230018.
Azizi, A. Q., Imron, A., & Heradhyaksa, B. (2020). Fulfillment of civil rights of extramarital children and its effect on social dimensions. Ijtihad: Jurnal Wacana Hukum Islam Dan Kemanusiaan, 20(2), 235–252. https://doi.org/10.18326/ijtihad.v20i2.235-252.
Begum, A., Jingwei, L., Haider, M., Ajmal, M.M., Khan, S., & Han, H. (2021). Impact of environmental moral education on pro-environmental behaviour: Do psychological empowerment and islamic religiosity matter? International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(4), 1-19. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041604.
Bensaid, B., & Machouche, S. (2019). Muslim Morality as Foundation for Social Harmony. Journal of Al-Tamaddun, 14(2), 51–63. https://doi.org/10.22452/jat.vol14no2.5.
Bucar, E. M. (2017). Islamic Virtue Ethics. In The Oxford Handbook of Virtue.
Çaksen, H. (2023). Major Arthur Glyn Leonard (1909). Islam, Her Moral and Spiritual Value: A Rational and Psychological Study. London: Luzac. 160 pages. Journal of Al-Tamaddun, 18(1), 297–302. https://doi.org/10.22452/jat.vol18no1.23.
Choirina, V.N., Ayriza, Y., & Wibowo, Y.S. (2021). Religiosity and Life Satisfaction in Indonesia: Evidence from a Community Survey. Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, 10(1), 38-47. https://doi.org/10.12928/jehcp.v10i1.19625.
Ebrahimi, M., & Yusoff, K. (2017). Islamic Identity, Ethical Principles and Human Values. European Journal of Multidisciplinary Studies, 6(1), 325-336. https://doi.org/10.26417/ejms.v6i1.p325-336.
Fadilah, R., Savitri, S.I., Alfita, L., & Parinduri, S.A. (2022). Islamic Patience Exercises to Reduce Delinquency in Adolescents Viewed from Parenting Patterns. Revista de Psicologia Del Deporte (Journal of Sport Psychology), 31(1), 67-78. https://rpd-online.com/index.php/rpd/article/view/636.
French, D.C., Shen, M., & Purwono, U. (2022). Religiosity and Positive Religious Coping as Predictors of Indonesian Muslim Adolescents’ Externalizing Behavior and Loneliness. Psychology of Religion and Spirituality, 14(2), 189-199. https://doi.org/10.1037/rel0000300.
Greca, A.M.L., Tarlow, N., Brodar, K.E., Danzi, B.A.A., & Comer, J.S. (2021). The Stress Before the Storm: Psychological Correlates of Hurricane-Related Evacuation Stressors on Mothers and Children. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 14(S1), S13-S22. https://doi.org/10.1037/tra0001052.
Islam, M., & Baihaqy Yussof, M. (2019). Teacher Creativity In Forming Character Education. Nazhruna: Jurnal Pendidikan Islam, 2(3), 363-384. https://doi.org/10.31538/nzh.v2i3.1047.
Ismail, I., Salahuddin, S., & Amirulkamar, A. (2019). Social Changes in the Post-Tsunami Banda Aceh City. Budapest International Research and Critics Institute (BIRCI-Journal): Humanities and Social Sciences, 2(1), 45-50. https://doi.org/10.33258/birci.v2i1.147.
Izzati, U.A., Bachri, B.S., Sahid, M., & Indriani, D.E. (2019). Character Education: Gender Differences in Moral Knowing, Moral Feeling, and Moral Action in Elementary Schools in Indonesia. Journal for the Education of Gifted Young Scientists, 7(3), 547-556. https://doi.org/10.17478/jegys.597765.
Jana-Masri, A., & Priester, P.E. (2007). The Development and Validation of a Qur’an-Based Instrument to Assess Islamic Religiosity: The Religiosity of Islam Scale. Journal of Muslim Mental Health, 2(2), 177-188. https://doi.org/10.1080/15564900701624436.
Krauss, S.E., Hamzah, A., Suandi, T., Mohd Noah, S., Mastor, K.A., Juhari, R., Kassan, H., Mahmoud, A., & Manap, J. (2005). The Muslim Religiosity-Personality Measurement Inventory (MRPI)’s Religiosity Measurement Model: Towards Filling the Gaps in Religiosity Research on Muslims. Pertanika Journal Social Science and Humanities, 13(2), 131-145. https://core.ac.uk/reader/153832200#page=18.
Lubis, R., Suryani, I., Syahputra, A., & Sahila, W. (2023). The Importance of Islamic Education for The Mental Health of Youth in Using Social Media. Nazhruna: Jurnal Pendidikan Islam, 6(1), 88-103. https://doi.org/10.31538/nzh.v6i1.2703.
Maman, M., Nurdiyanti, Y., & Ruswandi, U. (2022). The Internationalization of Taqwa Values in Framing Multicultural Education. Nazhruna: Jurnal Pendidikan Islam, 5(3), 1146-1160. https://doi.org/10.31538/nzh.v5i3.2280.
Mamat, M. A. (2023). Adab Guru dan Murid dalam Pendidikan Menurut Perspektif Syeikh Muḥammad Khaṭīb Langgien: Analisis terhadap Kitab Dawā’ al-Qulūb min al-‘Uyūb. Journal of Al-Tamaddun, 18(1), 45–58. https://doi.org/10.22452/jat.vol18no1.4.
Morgan, K. (1971). Sample Size Determination Using Krejcie and Morgan Table. Kenya Projects Organization (KENPRO), 38, 607-610.
Nuriman, N., & Fauzan, F. (2017). The Influence of Islamic Moral Values on the Students’ Behavior in Aceh. Dinamika Ilmu, 17(2), 275-290. https://doi.org/10.21093/di.v17i2.835.
Nuriman. (2018). Relationship between Islamic Worldview and Righteous Behaviour and Religious-Personality as Mediator [PHD/Disertation, University of Science Malaysia]. https://elib.usm.my/cgi-bin/koha/opac-search.pl.
Nussio, E., & Clayton, G. (2022). A Wave of Lynching: Morality and Authority in Post-Tsunami Aceh. Comparative Politics, 55(2), 313-336. https://doi.org/10.5129/001041523X16645676522699.
Padzil, R.B., Yusoff, M.Z.M., & Kasa, M.D. (2020). Correlation of Islamic Spirituality in Reducing Student’s Delinquency Problems. Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, 8(1), 53-62. https://doi.org/10.26811/peuradeun.v8i1.519.
Pashayeva, A. (2022). Religion and Law: The ratio of law and morality in Islam. International Journal of Islamic Thought, 22(1). https://doi.org/10.24035/ijit.22.2022.236.
Porter, S.L., Sandage, S.J., Wang, D.C., & Hill, P.C. (2019). Measuring the Spiritual, Character, and Moral Formation of Seminarians: In Search of a Meta-Theory of Spiritual Change. Journal of Spiritual Formation and Soul Care, 12(1), 5-24. https://doi.org/10.1177/1939790918797481.
Raquib, A., Channa, B., Zubair, T., & Qadir, J. (2022). Islamic virtue-based ethics for artificial intelligence. Discover Artificial Intelligence, 2(1), 11-26. https://doi.org/10.1007/s44163-022-00028-2.
Sabir, M., & Nazaruddin, N. (2021). Manifestation of Sharia Regional Regulations In Managing Social Morality. Juris : Jurnal Hukum Dan Ekonomi Islam, 20(2), 189. https://doi.org/10.31958/juris.v20i2.3276.
Safitri, L., Manshur, F. M., & Thoyyar, H. (2022). Nurcholish Madjid On Indonesian Islamic Education: A Hermeneutical Study. Jurnal Ilmiah Islam Futura, 22(2), 244. https://doi.org/10.22373/jiif.v22i2.5749
Sangaji, R., Amin, S., Muhammadun, M., Syarifuddin, S., & Usman, B. (2023). Tafsīr Al-Aḥkām’s analysis of demoralization in cases of sexual harassment in educational institutions in Indonesia. Samarah : Jurnal Hukum Keluarga Dan Hukum Islam, 7(2), 713. https://doi.org/10.22373/sjhk.v7i2.17028.
Sham, F. M., Yaqin, A., & Wachidah, H. N. (2021). Moral Reasoning Theory: Between Kohlberg ‘s and al-Ghazali’s Perspective. International Journal of Islamic Thought, 20. https://doi.org/10.24035/ijit.20.2021.207.
Shumack, R. (2014). Faith, Philosophy and the Reflective Muslim by Zain Ali. Journal of Shi’a Islamic Studies, 7(1), 99-14. https://doi.org/10.1353/isl.2014.0008.
Suraju, S. (2019). The Menace of Moral Degenerations in Nigeria’s Tertiary Institutions: Islamic Universities to the Rescue. Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, 7(3), 433-454. https://doi.org/10.26811/peuradeun.v7i3.464.
Tabrani ZA., Idris, S., Yusoff, M. Z. M., Siswanto, R., & Murziqin, R. (2023). Strategy on boarding school development: between trend and performance analysis. Multidisciplinary Reviews, 6(2), 2023013. https://doi.org/10.31893/multirev.2023013.
Tambak, S., Hamzah, H., Sukenti, D., & Sabdin, M. (2021). Internalization of Islamic Values in Developing Students’ Actual Morals. JPI (Jurnal Pendidikan Indonesia), 10(4), 697-709. https://doi.org/10.23887/jpi-undiksha.v10i4.30328.
Tamuri, A. B. H., & Ismail, A. M. (2021). Relations of School Environment and Teachers to Islamic Morals Practices of Malaysian Secondary School Students. International Journal of Islamic Thought, 19(1), 1-13. https://doi.org/10.24035/IJIT.19.2021.190.
Uzun, G.Ö. (2021). The Storm Period in Psychological and Educational Development. Revista On Line de Política e Gestão Educacional, 25(7), 4113-4128. https://doi.org/10.22633/rpge.v25iesp.7.16171.
Wahyuni, W., Shihab, S.A., Talib, S.G., Mutlak, D.A., Hussein, R.A., & Dwijendra, N.K.A. (2022). Evaluation of the role of Islamic values in improvement of spiritual health among Iraqi Muslims. HTS Teologiese Studies/ Theological Studies, 78(1), 1-7. https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.v78i1.7832.
Yusoff, M. Z. M., Hamzah, R. A., Fajri, I., Za, T., & Yusuf, S. M. (2022). The effect of spiritual and social norm in moral judgement. International Journal of Adolescence and Youth, 27(1), 555–568. https://doi.org/10.1080/02673843.2022.2156799.
Zaituni, Z., Nizarli, R., & Kadir, M.Y.A. (2021). Non-Penal Policy of Syariah Institutions in Preventing Juveniles from Narcotics Abuse in Aceh Province, Indonesia. Jambe Law Journal, 4(1), 21-41. https://doi.org/10.22437/jlj.4.1.21-41.
How to Cite
NURIMAN, Nuriman et al. A Study of Embracing Adolescent Islamic Moral Values at Two Schools in Rural Area. Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, [S.l.], v. 12, n. 1, p. 117-136, jan. 2024. ISSN 2443-2067. Available at: <https://journal.scadindependent.org/index.php/jipeuradeun/article/view/1045>. Date accessed: 18 june 2024. doi: https://doi.org/10.26811/peuradeun.v12i1.1045.