Cultural Traditions of Khanduri Blang in Reubee Village Aceh, Indonesia

  • Muhammad Arifin Ar-Raniry State Islamic University, Indonesia
  • Abdul Manan Ar-Raniry State Islamic University, Indonesia

Abstract

Before Islam was introduced into Aceh, many people there still believed in animism or dynamism or Hinduism or Bhudhism. Some parts of those beliefs still affect the local Acehnese cultures even after most of the people have become Muslim. This study describes the ritual of Khanduri Blang, as an acculturation of the people from Reubee village and surrounding villages in Pidie District between their previous cultures with their new Islamic culture: The study also looks at the reasons why the people from Reubee still perform these rituals in recent times. A religious anthropological approach was used to get plenary data about the subject. The data was collected using observations, interviews, and study of related literature. The results showed that the people living in that area performed the rituals as they believed that they would prevent dangers and harm from ghosts and spirits that live around their rice fields. Even though the people have been acculturated to Islam they still perform these ceremonies since they have been handed down as part of their culture and they still do not have sufficient comprehension of the tenets of Islam. Furthermore, the involvement of their local religious figures in the ceremonies convinces the people that these rituals do not contradict their Islamic beliefs. Then too, the use of local traditions as a medium for introducing Islam brought the understanding that such rituals were part of the traditions of Islam.

References

Agus, Bustanuddin. (2007). Agama Dalam Kehidupan Manusia Pengantar Antropologi Agama (cites Smith)-. Jakarta: PT Raja Grafindo Persada.
Ahmad, Zakaria. (1992). Sekitar Kerajaan Aceh, Medan: Manora.
Amal, Taufik Adnan. (2004). Politik Syariat Islam Dari Indonesia Sampai Nigeria, Jakarta: Pustaka Alvabet.
Arifin, Muhammad. (2016). “Islam dan Akulturasi Budaya Lokal di Aceh: Studi Terhadap Ritual Rah Ulei di Kuburan dalam Masyarakat Pidie Aceh”. Jurnal Islam Futura. Vol. 15, Nomor 2. Februari.
Arifin, Muhammad. (2017). Analisis Akulturasi Budaya dan Kepercayaan Tradisional Masyarakat Aceh Menurut Perspektif Pemikiran Islam. (cites Durkheim) Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; ?Unpublished? Thesis University of Malaya.
Asofa, Burhan. (2004). Metode Penelitian Hukum. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.
Atosokhi Gea, Antonius. (2004). Relasi dengan Tuhan, Jakarta: Elex Media Komputindo.
Connoly, Peter. (2012). Aneka Pendekatan Studi Agama, terj. Imam Khoiri. Yogyakarta: LkiS.
Efendi, Tenas. (1995). Sekilas Tentang Orang Talang di Riau, Pekanbaru: Lembaga Adat Daerah.
Geertz, C. (1968). Islam Observed: Religious Development in Morocco and Indonesia. New Haven and London. Yale University Press.
Geertz, C. (1992). Kebudayaan dan Agama, Yogyakarta: Kanisius.
Geertz, C. (2004). Teologi Pembaruan: Pergeseran Wacana Islam Sunni di Indonesia Abad XX, Jakarta: Serambi Ilmu
Hasan, Ridwan. (2012). Animisme dan Dinamisme Dalam Masyarakat Aceh. Jurnal Mikot, Volume XXXVI, Nomor 2.
Hasbullah. (2017). Ritual Tolak Bala Pada Masyarakat Melayu: Kajian Pada Masyarakat Petalangan Kecamatan Pangkalan Kuras Kabupaten Pelalawan, Jurnal Ushuluddin, Volume 2.
Hasjmy, Ali. (1995). Kesenian Acheh Bersumber pada Ajaran Islam, Makalah pada Forum University Kebangsaan Malaysia, Agustus.
http://ejurnal.iainpurwokerto.ac.id./index.php/ibda, access 27/12/2017.
Manan, A. (2014). The Ritual of Marriage. Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, 2(2), 17-44.
Manan, A. (2015). The Ritual Calendar of South Aceh, Indonesia, Wissenschaftliche Schriften der WWU Münster, Reihe X, Band 22, MV-Verlag-Germany.
Manan, A. (2016). The Ritual of Farming in Indonesia (An Ethnographic Study in the Aneuk Jamee Tribe in South West Aceh-Sumatra). Paper presented at International Conference in junction with International Joint Conference Indonesia-Malaysia-Thailand-Philippins-Bangladesh about Drug, Social Sciences and Technology (Drugstech) at Ubudiyah Indonesia University, Banda Aceh Juli 30, 2016.
Manan, A. (2017). The Ritual Calendar of South Aceh, Indonesia. Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, 5(1), 59-76.
Mudzhar, M. Atho. (1990). Fatwa’s of The Council of Indonesian Ulama A Study of Islamic Legal Thought in Indonesia, 1975-1988, Los Angeles: University of California.
Norbeck, E. (1974). Religion and Human Life, New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston Inc.
Purwadi. (2014). Harmony Masjid Agung Kraton Surakarta Hadiningrat, Ibda’: Jurnal Kebudayaan Islam, Vol. 12, No. 1 Januari-Juni.
Rijal, S. (2011). Dinamika Pemikiran Islam di Aceh; Mendedah Toleransi, Kearifan Lokal dan Kehidupan Sosial di Acheh, Banda Acheh: Badan Arsip dan Perpustakaan Aceh.
Rosidah, Ummi Ferayani. (2011). Pendekatan Antropologi dalam Studi Agama, Jurnal Religio Volume II, Nomor 1.
Suzanne, R., & Nathalie, L. (2016). Multiculturalism as an Alternative A Cultural Orientation to Education in the Aspect of Culture as the Axiological Focus. Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, 4(3), 383-394.
Yulsafli, Y. (2016). Reduplication in The Local Language Pak-Pak Boang Subulussalam City, Aceh Province, Indonesia. Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, 4(1), 77-88.
Zoetmulder, PJ. (1995). Pantheisme and Monoisme in Javanese Suluk Literature: Islamic and Indian Mysticism in an Indonesian Setting, terj. M.C. Ricklefs, Leiden: KITLV Press.
Published
2018-09-28
How to Cite
ARIFIN, Muhammad; MANAN, Abdul. Cultural Traditions of Khanduri Blang in Reubee Village Aceh, Indonesia. Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, [S.l.], v. 6, n. 3, p. 427-446, sep. 2018. ISSN 2443-2067. Available at: <https://journal.scadindependent.org/index.php/jipeuradeun/article/view/243>. Date accessed: 17 oct. 2021. doi: https://doi.org/10.26811/peuradeun.v6i3.243.