The Effect of Principal Transformational Leadership on Teachers Performance at Junior High School of Banda Aceh

  • Musriadi Musriadi Post Graduate Program of Universitas Negeri Medan, Indonesia
  • Nasrun Nasrun Post Graduate Program of Universitas Negeri Medan, Indonesia
  • Khairil Ansary Post Graduate Program of Universitas Negeri Medan, Indonesia


This study aimed to examine the teacher performance model built on associative causal relationships between exogenous variables and endogenous variables, namely; the effect of a principal's transformational leadership on job satisfaction, the effect of organizational culture, the effect of organizational climate, the effect of principal's transformational leadership to teacher performance, the effect of organizational culture, and the effect of organizational climate. This research was conducted at Junior High School in Banda Aceh City by involving 260 teachers as respondents. The Data collection was done using a questionnaire using a proportional random sampling method. The validity test used Product Moment correlation to test its reliability using the Alpha formula. Before testing the hypothesis, especially before the test was calculated, the analysis requirements included the normality data test and regression linearity test. Based on the analysis of the research hypothesis, it is revealed that a fixed model that describes the structure of causal relationships between principal's transformational leadership, organizational culture, organizational climate, job satisfaction, and teacher performance at Junior Highschool in Banda Aceh City.


Faisal, N., Nurhafni, Murdiana, P., & Zulhilmi. (2018). The policy of Educational Budget Aceh Regency.
Ferdhiana, R., Amri, K., & Abidin, T. F. (2019). Clustering of Districts in Indonesia using the 2015 High School Social Sciences National Examination Results. ICICOS 2019 - 3rd International Conference on Informatics and Computational Sciences: Accelerating Informatics and Computational Research for Smarter Society in The Era of Industry 4.0, Proceedings.
Firman, H., Education, B. T.-J. of I. C. in, & 2008, undefined. (n.d.). The future of schooling in Indonesia. Academia.Edu. Retrieved from
Fitriansyah, R., Fatinah, L., & Syahril, M. (2020). Critical Review: Professional Development Programs to Face Open Educational Resources in Indonesia. Indonesian Journal on Learning and Advanced Education (IJOLAE), 2(2),109–119.
Ghifari, R. F., & Rahyasih, Y. (2020). The Strategies Toward the Improvement of Academic Achievement Through Optimizing Teachers’ Skills. 105–108.
Hardianto, H. (2019). Conducting Quality Culture in Educational Institutions. Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, 7(2), 257.
Huda, M., & Jasmi, K. (2018). Empowering civic responsibility: Insights from service-learning. Kerlinger, F. N. (1979). Behavioral Research a Conceptual Approach.
Komara, E. (2017). Curriculum and Civic Education Teaching in Indonesia. EDUCARE, 10(1).
Lecat, A., Beausaert, S., & Raemdonck, I. (2018). On the Relation Between Teachers’ (In)formal Learning and Innovative Working Behavior: the Mediating Role of Employability. Vocations and Learning, 11(3), 529–554.
Muluk, S., & Habiburrahim, H. (2018). Higher Education Transformation: to what direction? (A Look at the transformation of Ar-Raniry State Islamic University). Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, 6(3), 447.
Musdiani, M., Mardhatillah, M., & Khausar, K. (2019) Analysis of the Role of Headmaster in Applying Quality of Education in Primary School District, Aceh Barat. Birch-Journal.Com. Retrieved from
Rahmi, R., Fitriati, F., & Fachraini, S. (2019). An Analysis of Teachers’ Perceptions toward the Role of ICT Based Media in Teaching and Learning Process among Primary Schools’ Teachers. Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, 7(3), 469.
Sarboini, S., Rizal, S., Surya, J., & Yusuf, Z. (2018). The Effect of Leadership, Compensation and Competency on Employee Performance. Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, 6(2), 215-234.
Sartiyah, Hartoyo, S., Syaukat, Y., & Oktaviani, R. (2017). The Effect of Government Spending on Education in Aceh Province Indonesia. Journal of Economic Development, Environment, and People, 6(4), 18–29.
Sukasni, A., & Efendy, H. (2017). The Problematic of Education System in Indonesia and Reform Agenda. International Journal of Education, 9(3), 183.
Sulaiman, S. (2015). Classroom Management and the Implications to Quality of Learning. Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, 3(3), 431-440.
Usman, N., AR, M., & Marzuki, M. (2016). The Influence of Leadership in Improving Personnel Performance at Traditional Islamic Boarding School (Dayah). Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, 4(2), 205-216.
Usman, N., AR, M., Murziqin, R., & Tabrani ZA. (2018). The Principal’s Managerial Competence in Improving School Performance in Pidie Jaya Regency. Advanced Science Letters, 24(11), 8297–8300.
Walidin, W., Idris, S., & Tabrani ZA. (2015). Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif & Grounded Theory. Banda Aceh: FTK Ar-Raniry Press.
How to Cite
MUSRIADI, Musriadi; NASRUN, Nasrun; ANSARY, Khairil. The Effect of Principal Transformational Leadership on Teachers Performance at Junior High School of Banda Aceh. Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, [S.l.], v. 10, n. 2, p. 319-330, may 2022. ISSN 2443-2067. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 26 sep. 2022. doi: