Models and Political Attitudes of Fundamentalist Groups in Indonesian Presidential Elections

  • Jafar Ahmad Faculty of Ushuluddin, Institut Agama Islam Negeri Kerinci, Indonesia
  • Hengki Firmanda Faculty of Law, University of Riau, Indonesia
  • Mahmud Hibatul Wafi Faculty of Ushuluddin, Institut Agama Islam Negeri Kerinci, Indonesia

Abstract

Islamic fundamentalist groups played an important role in Indonesia's 2019 presidential election. They openly sided with the number 2 candidate, Prabowo Subianto-Sandiaga Solahudin Uno. Even today, the presidential election was marked by polarization and religious sentiments that are very strong and sharp. This study examined the model of presidential election contestation that will likely take place in 2024, the position of fundamentalist groups in political contestation, and its relation to religious polarization trends. This qualitative research used a case study approach to explore political models and attitudes in presidential election contestation. Interest group theory was placed to analyze the issue. The results showed that the map of contestation that will occur in 2024 will still be the same as the 2019 presidential election contestation. Second, the division between religious groups will still occur in the 2024 presidential election. Third, the alignment of religious fundamentalist groups in the 2024 presidential election will lead to figures willing and able to accommodate their groups.

References

Adam, Y. F. (2022). Islam dan Politik Identitas: Konflik pada Gerakan 212 dalam Perspektif Sejarah Indonesia. NALAR: Jurnal Peradaban Dan Pemikiran Islam, 6(2), 88–103. https://doi.org/10.23971/njppi.v6i1.4395
Ahmad, J. (2021). Ilmu Politik Praktis (Dari Teori ke Implementasi). Akademia Virtual Media.
Akmaluddin, A. (2018). Relasi Etnik Menjelang Pemilukada di Sumatera Selatan 2013 di Kota Baturaja Kabupaten Ogan Komering Ulu. Jurnal Inovasi, 2, 76–87.
Ammar, J., & Xu, S. (2018). When Jihadi Ideology Meets Social Media. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-60116-8
Annas, F. B., Petranto, H. N., & Pramayoga, A. A. (2019). Opini Publik dalam Polarisasi Politik di Media Sosial. Jurnal PIKOM (Penelitian Komunikasi dan Pembangunan), 20(2), 111. https://doi.org/10.31346/jpikom.v20i2.2006
Aravik, H. (2017). Sejarah Pemikiran Ekonomi Islam Kontemporer. Kencana.
Barata, M. F., & Simanjuntak, M. B. (2019). Strategi Publisitas & Propaganda Politik (Studi pada Kandidat Presiden & Wakil Presiden, Jokowi-KH. Ma’ruf Amin). Jurnal Studi Komunikasi dan Media, 23(2), 135. https://doi.org/10.31445/jskm.2019.2061
Chaqoqo, S. G. N., & Ma’mun, S. (2022). The Islamic Discourses of Indonesian Islamist Organizations. El Harakah: Jurnal Budaya Islam, 24(1), 109–125. https://doi.org/10.18860/eh.v24i1.16616
Cigler, A. J., & Loomis, B. A. (2011). Interest Group Politics. CQ Press.
CNNindonesia.com. (2018). Amien Rais Dikotomikan Partai Setan dan Partai Allah. https://www.cnnindonesia.com/nasional/20180413144201-32-290626/amien-rais-dikotomikan-partai-setan-dan-partai-allah.
CNNIndonesia. (2018). Anti-Pemimpin Nonmuslim Meningkat Usai Kasus Ahok. https://www.cnnindonesia.com/nasional/20180924195859-32-332825/anti-pemimpin-nonmuslim-meningkat-usai-kasus-ahok
Harahap, M. R. (2022). Proses Pelarangan Kegiatan Front Pembela Islam sebagai Organisasi Masyarakat Tahun 2020. POLITICOS: Jurnal Politik dan Pemerintahan, 2(1), 27–46. https://doi.org/10.22225/politicos.2.1.2022.27-46
Hayat, N., & Nurhakki, N. (2022). Religion Identity and Political Polarization: How Does Labeling Make it Worst? Palita: Journal of Social Religion Research, 7(1), 51–66. https://doi.org/10.24256/pal.v7i1.2715
Haynes, J. (2015). Religion in Global Politics: Explaining Deprivatization. Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, 3(2), 199–216. https://journal.scadindependent.org/index.php/jipeuradeun/article/view/63
Herianto, H., & Wijanarko, R. (2022). Populisme Berwajah Politik Identitas Keagamaan di Indonesia. Jurnal Filsafat Indonesia, 5(1), 53–64. https://ejournal.undiksha.ac.id/index.php/JFI/article/view/39581%0Ahttps://ejournal.undiksha.ac.id/index.php/JFI/article/viewFile/39581/21658
Heywood, A. (2018). Pengantar Teori Politik (Political Theory: An Introduction). Pustaka Pelajar.
Irawan, D. (2013). Kajian Teoritis Terhadap Praktik Desentralisasi dan Integrasi Politik Pasca-Orde Baru. Ilmu Dan Budaya, 33(37).
Khamdan, M. (2022). Politik Identitas dan Perebutan Kuasa: Kontestasi Dalam Politik Elektoral di Indonesia. Penerbit A-Empat.
Maiwan, M. (2016). Kelompok Kepentingan ( Interest Group ), Kekuasaan. Ilmiah Mimbar Demokrasi, 15, 75–91.
Maulianza, M. (2019). Managing the Black Campaign Effect through the Political Advertising. Journal Communication Spectrum, 9(1), 79–93. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.36782/jcs.v9i2.1958
Muharam, M. M., Marijan, K., & Kusman, A. P. (2021). Power Relation of the 212 Islamic Group and the Government in the 2019 Presidential Election. Masyarakat, Kebudayaan Dan Politik, 34(3), 305-316.
Muklai, A. A., Aprianti, R., & Viana, R. C. E. (2022). Konflik FPI dengan Pemerintahan Presiden Joko Widodo dilihat dari Sudut Pandang Teori Oposisi. Jurnal Studi Ilmu Politik, 1(1).
Noorhayati, S. M., & Fata, and A. K. (2017). Exclusive Islam from the Perspective of Ibn Taymiyah. Esensia: Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Ushuluddin, 18(2).
Nubowo, A. (2021). Grand Narratives in Outer Provinces: Impact of Islam on Politics. RSIS Commentary: The Series, 027, 27–30. https://doi.org/10.1142/9789811232206_0006
Nur Budiman, B., Dewi Safitri, B., Rizki Putriga, B., & Julietta Imanuella Wicaksono, V. (2022). Populisme: Konsekuensi dari Stagnasi Politik dan Demokrasi di Indonesia. Jurnal PolGov, 4(1), 211–243. https://doi.org/10.22146/polgov.v4i1.3916
Nurwiyati, R. T. & Y. (2017). Peran Asosiasi Petani Tembakau Indonesia (Apti) dalam Memperjuangkan Kepentingan Petani Tembakau di Kabupaten Temanggung. Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan, 1(1), 1–9.
Pedrason, R. (2022). Analisis Gerakan Jamaah Ansharusy Syariah Sebagai Organisasi Islam Radikal dan Dampaknya Terhadap Kedaulatan Negara Kesatuan Republik Indonesia. Syntax Literate: Jurnal Ilmiah Indonesia, 7(3).
Rauf, M. (2001). Konsensus Politik: Sebuah Penjajagan Teoritis. Dirjen Dikti Depdiknas.
Rusdi, Z. (2022). The Latent Danger of Communism Threatens Indonesia. International Journal of Democratic and Development Studies (IJDDS), 5(2), 1–14. https://doi.org/10.36758/ijdds/v5n2.2022/01
Sahati, K. Juan, Lapian, M. T., & Lengkong, J. P. (2022). Perbandingan Strategi Kampanye Partai PDI-P dan Partai Golkar dalam Pemilihan Umum Legislatif 2019. XI(3), 19–36.
Sahrasad, H., & Chaidar, A. (2012). Islamism & Fundamentalism. University of Malikussaleh Press.
Sahrullah, Santalia, I., & Wahyuddin. (2022). Traces of Jamaluddin Al-Afghani and Muhammad Abduh’s Socio-Economic Reforms in Indonesia. Uniqbu Journal of Social Sciences (UJSS), 3(2), 120–128.
Samosir, O., & Novitasari, I. (2022). Hak Politik Warga Negara dalam Cengkeraman Politik Identitas: Refleksi Menuju Pemilu Serentak Nasional Tahun 2024. Jurnal Ilmu Hukum, Humaniora Dan Politik, 2(3), 332–346. https://dinastirev.org/JIHHP/article/view/1052%0Ahttps://dinastirev.org/JIHHP/article/download/1052/648
Satriawan, B. H. (2022). Kelompok Kepentingan dan Gerakan dalam Mempengaruhi Kebijakan Pemerintah. Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta.
Sihidi, I. T., Roziqin, A., & Suhermanto, D. F. (2020). Pertarungan Populisme Islam dalam Pemilihan Presiden 2019. JIIP: Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Pemerintahan, 5(2), 174–189. https://doi.org/10.14710/jiip.v5i2.8516
Suyanto, B., Sujanto, I., & Jalal, A. (2022). Orientasi Kelompok Etnis Jawa dalam Pemilu Legislatif Kabupaten Bengkalis (Studi Kasus Pemilu Legislatif Kabupaten Bengkalis Tahun 2019). 6, 13688–13696.
Syaefudin, M. (2014). Reinterpretasi Gerakan Dakwah Front Pembela Islam (FPI). Jurnal Ilmu Dakwah, 34(2), 259–276. https://doi.org/10.21580/jid.v34.2.486
Syarwi, P. (2022). Polarisasi Isu, Politik Identitias dan Keterbelahan Publik pada Pemilu Presiden Tahun 2019. Jurnal Communitarian, 4(1), 591–602. https://doi.org/10.56985/jc.v4i1.228
Syeirazi, M. K. (2020). Wasathiyah Islam: Anatomi, Narasi, dan Kontestasi Gerakan Islam. alif.id.
Tamba, H. K., Haloho, H. D., & Diansyah, A. (2022). Kondisi Kehidupan Masyarakat di Tanah Batak Setelah Masuknya Belanda. 444–453.
Umar, N. (2014). Deradikalisasi Pemahaman al-Quran dan Hadis. PT. Elex Media Komputindo.
Widyawati, N., Windarsih, A., & Alamsyah, P. (2021). Discourse on ‘Islam’ and ‘Kafir’ in 2019 Indonesia Presidential Election : The Challenge of Democracy in the Digital Era. SSRN Electronic Journal, 2(April), 62–82. https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3763308
Yin, R. K. (2016). Qualitative Research from Start to Finish. The Guilford Press.
Published
2023-05-30
How to Cite
AHMAD, Jafar; FIRMANDA, Hengki; WAFI, Mahmud Hibatul. Models and Political Attitudes of Fundamentalist Groups in Indonesian Presidential Elections. Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, [S.l.], v. 11, n. 2, p. 569-590, may 2023. ISSN 2443-2067. Available at: <https://journal.scadindependent.org/index.php/jipeuradeun/article/view/903>. Date accessed: 20 july 2024. doi: https://doi.org/10.26811/peuradeun.v11i2.903.